Castiglion Fiorentino   

Castiglion Fiorentino (altitude: 345 m / 1132 ft) has a wonderful view on the Val di Chiana and on the Preapennines. Full of history (Etruscan, Roman, medieval, and of the Renaissance), of traditions, and of art, this town is next to the cities with a great tourist attraction, as Florence, Siena, Perugia, Assisi, Arezzo...

Its historical centre has 12 churches, including San Agostino's church (XIII century) and its cloister, Jesus' church (16th century) and its beautiful portico, or San Francisco's church (13th century) and its cloister built in the 17th century.
But also the Donjon of the medieval castle (14th century), the Palazzo Pretorio and an Italian-shaped theatre.
In the surroundings, you will see the Montecchio's castle (10th - 11th century), or just walk through the woods of the Parco Comunanze in which you will find pic-nic tables, games areas for children and where you will meet bucks and squirrels, following the tracks.

 Its history   

It has been inhabited since prehistorical era, but grew up in the Etruscan period from the 6th century B.C..

Castiglion Fiorentino takes place on the top of a high hill which separates the Valdichiana from the Valtiberina. The first establishment, a village 240 roman feet long and 200 wide, appeared in this strategical point and surrounded itself with walls.

Little by little, the village grew up; so did its walls, until the 4th century B.C., in which it reached the site they kept on having up to the medieval era, and that they still have nowadays, excepted the northern end, which did not include its most external part, that it got in the 14th century.

It also structures itself, with a street network drawn around the 2nd century B.C., following the level curves that inevitably rule the town planning of a hill. You can imagine the ancient town’s borders walking through the Corso Italia and the Via San Michele, which were the main streets, what they still are, despite of the nibbling of these borders by the expansion of the town.
The Roman conquest brought the agricultural products with the villae.

The name of Castiglion appeared in the 10th century. The formation of the village begun in the second half of the 12th century. In 1289, Castiglion went under Florence's domination, then, in 1303, it went back under Arezzo's domination and was named Castiglion Aretino. In 1344, conquested by Perugia, it became Castiglion Perugino. Finally, in 1384, it went back under Florence's domination and took back its former name of Castiglion Fiorentino.

In 1765, the Valdichiana was improved, which allowed a demographical and economical growing.
In 1744, Castiglion Fiorentino annexed the villages of Montecchio, Mammi and Montanina.
Between 1800 and 1814, Napoleon's troops ruled the town.
During the Second world War, the whole town suffered important damages.


There are today three rioni, which do not exactly correspond to the older ones:

Parted per pale azure and argent Parted per pale tenné and vert Parted per pale or and gules

Rione del Cassero

Rione della Porta Fiorentina

Rione della Porta Romana


Texts: Dominique DUMONT-TABARD & Vincent TABARD
English translation: Vincent TABARD
- Danilo Grifoni - Mario Menci, 2002, Ipotesi di formazione e sviluppo di Castiglion Fiorentino, in Tesori ritrovati - Castiglion Fiorentino (ed. Le Balze)
- Website of the Comune di Castiglion Fiorentino